Be able to distinguish the three main federal agencies that are involved with the administration and transportation of hazardous waste and materials.
Determine the principal charge of those agencies.
Know the principal laws they administer
You eliminate some (at least a little) of the confusing mass of regulation of hazardous and toxic wastes by understanding the principal charge of the agencies that administer them.
|Occupational Safety and Health Administration||OSHA||29 CFR||Obligations of employers for worker safety|
|Department of Transportation||DOT||49 CFR||Transportation|
|Environmental Protection Agency||EPA||40 CFR||Discharges to the environment
|State||Administers certain federal laws, varies with the state. Solid (non-hazardous) waste is usually state.|
|Local||Varies, usually fire protection and emergency response.|
(You can look at those links briefly, to get an idea of the scope of the agencies work, as well as the volume of regulations, each book volume is about 400 pages.)
So if you picture a truckload of hazardous waste driving down a highway:
You can see some overlap in responsibilities. For example both DOT and OSHA are involved in training. DOT wants to be sure the driver can handle a 20 ton rig, knows the proper rules of the road. OSHA wants to be sure the driver knows what she is carrying, proper precautions during loading and unloading, the proper safety procedures in case there is a spill. Both want to be sure the driver is aware of fire and explosion hazards involved with the load.
Consider a barrel of hazardous goo inside a plant. Both OSHA and EPA are interested in how the barrel is labeled. OSHA, as part of its Hazard Communication standard, requires the employer to inform the employees of the hazards of chemicals. The EPA wants to be sure that a hazardous waste is clearly labeled, so it does not wind up in the common trash, or disappear in Junior Soprano's yard.
The other two submodules will examine fine points: Submodule 7B with issues "inside the plant" and 7C with transportation.
Module 07 Index
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